Hair Cutting Terms

Talking to a hairdresser can be awkward when you’re not sure of hair cutting terminology. Study these definitions, to avoid a mane malfunction!
Spencer’s Hair Designs Stylists reveal hair cutting terms to help you communicate, and receive the best possible outcome of your salon visit!

Hair Cutting Terms You Can Understand

Blunt Hair Cut

Hair Cutting
A haircut that is all one length with no layers, can be short or long. This cut is a great for thin, fine or fragile hair to preserve the density and integrity of the hair.

Hair Texture

The term hair texture can refer to hair that is fine, coarse or medium hair texture. In hair cutting the term texturing refers to different techniques used we to remove bulk in certain areas or create volume. Hair stylists use various tools and techniques when creating a certain detail
in the interior of the haircut without losing length, great for creating volume on straight, short and undone styles.

Cutting Techniques

Point cutting techniques is when the shear tips snip out small pieces of hair at the length to create softness and movement. Razor cut for straight hair only. A razor cut creates choppy pieces layers. Also, removes unwanted bulk. Techniques and tool that slide along the hair shaft of curly hair only causes damage and can lead to considerable frizz. Curly hair needs to be cut blunt and often specific areas need to be thinned in order to create the desired silhouette. Therefore a blunt internal cut works best on curly hair.

Fringe

A fringe is a European name for Bangs. This can be a face-framing layer across the forehead. A fringe can be cut straight across for heavy blunt bangs, choppy or layered blending into the rest of the haircut.

Layers

Layers are separate from the overall length; they are shorter pieces of hair that blend seamlessly within the haircut. They can be on the surface or within the haircut. Layers provide volume. It can build fullness to a particular part of your hairstyle, as in a stacked bob or wedge line.

Graduation

The hair graduates from long to short or short to long. This can relate to graduating the back of a stacked bob, while forward graduation refers to layering around the front of the haircut framing the face.

Point Cutting

Point cutting technique- Short pretty hair cut
Cutting the hair with the scissors positioned vertically. This technique gives a light texture, softness, and movement to the ends of the hair.

Dusting

stacked wedge bob with detail finishing
Means to cut the smallest amount of hair at the ends, to remove fragile or split ends. Perfect for growing hair out longer or clean up to present hair shape.

Dry Cutting

Typically, this is a second- round of hair cutting done when hair is already dry. This is when precision and haircut quality finishing takes place. For this reason, our stylists agree, this is the most important part of a haircut. We highly recommend having your hair styled after a haircut. Dry cutting can also be a primary cutting method that’s great for attention to shape and detail. It also allows your hairstyle to be cut the way you prefer to wear your hair texture.

Bob
A haircut with the weight line length at your chin area below your ears. A Lob is a longer version of the bob, with the weight line length grazing the collarbone.

Pixie

Short haircut close to the scalp. Softness is added with texture techniques to create fullness. This is a low maintenance easy wear hairstyle.

Razor Cut

This tool is used to remove unwanted bulk, increase volume, add choppiness and to detail to a style, leaving it with lighter, tapered ends. Razor cutting is not advisable for curly hair. It can induce damage and create frizz. Curly hair is best cut with blunt interior shaping.